[FIN] Finances publiques: working papers (RePEc, 24/08/2010)

Source : NEP (New Economics Papers) | RePEc

  • A Theory of Taxation and Incorporation
Date: 2010-08
By: Christian Keuschnigg
Peter Egger
Hannes Winner
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:usg:dp2010:2010-25&r=pub
This paper provides a theory of incorporation and taxation that emphasizes the role of the corporate legal form in facilitating access to external capital and the potential advantages of limited liability. Incorporation relaxes financing constraints and makes corporations larger than comparable non-corporate firms. For the same reason, a tax on corporations imposes a smaller first order welfare loss than a tax on non-corporate firms. Shifting the tax burden from non-corporate to corporate firms raises welfare, justifying some double taxation of corporate profits under a classical system. We compare the role of taxes with other institutional reforms and discuss how the theoretical results of the paper can be tested empirically.
Keywords: Incorporation, corporate tax, external capital, limited liability
JEL: H25
  • Itemised Deductions: A Device to Reduce Tax Evasion
Date: 2010
By: Piolatto, A. (Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research)
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:dgr:kubcen:201060&r=pub
Direct incentives and punishments are the most common instruments to fight tax evasion. The theoretical literature disregarded indirect schemes, such as itemised deductions, in which an agent has an interest in that other agents declare their revenue. Itemised deductions provide an incentive for consumers to declare their purchases, and this forces sellers to do the same. I show that, for any level of taxation, it is possible to increase tax proceeds by choosing the proper level of itemised deduction; the cost for the government on the consumers’ side is more than compensated by the extra proceeds on the sellers’ side.
Keywords: Tax evasion;itemised deductions;substitutes goods;quantity competition
JEL: H00
  • Does Income Taxation Affect Partners’ Household Chores?
Date: 2010
By: Soest, A.H.O. van
Stancanelli, E.G.F. (Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research)
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:dgr:kubcen:201076&r=pub
We study the impact of income taxation on both partners‟ allocation of time to market work and unpaid house work in households with two adults. We estimate a structural household utility model in which the marginal utilities of leisure and house work of both partners are modelled as random coefficients, depending on observed and unobserved characteristics of the household and the two partners. We use a discrete choice model with choice sets of 2,401 points for each couple, distinguishing seven market work intervals and seven house work intervals for each partner. The model is estimated using data for France, which taxes incomes of married couples jointly, like, for instance, Germany and the US. We find that both partners‟ market and non-market time allocation decisions are responsive to changes in the tax system or other policy changes that change the financial incentives. Women‟s time allocation is more responsive to the own and the partner‟s wage rate than men‟s. Tax policy simulations suggest that moving from joint taxation for married couples to separate taxation of each spouse would go a small step in the direction of equalizing market and non-market work of spouses. Selective taxation with smaller tax rates for women than for men would magnify these effects.
Keywords: time use;taxation;labour supply;discrete choice models
JEL: J22
  • Climate Change and Carbon Tax Expectations
Date: 2010-03-24
By: Hoel, Michael (Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo)
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:osloec:2010_004&r=pub
If investors fear that future carbon taxes will be lower than currently announced by policy makers, long-run investments in greenhouse gas mitigation may be smaller than desirable. On the other hand, owners of a non-renewable carbon resource that underestimate future carbon taxes will postpone extraction compared with what they would have chosen had the policymakers been able to commit to the optimal tax path. If extraction costs rise rapidly as accumulated extraction rises, near-term emissions increase as a consequence of a downward bias in the expected future carbon taxes. Whether investments in greenhouse gas mitigation go up or down due to the expectation error depends on the time pro…le of the returns to the investment.
Keywords: climate change; exhaustible resources; carbon tax
JEL: H23

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