[KNM] Gestion des connaissances, économie de la connaissance: working papers (RePEc, 13/07/2010)

Source : NEP (New Economics Papers) | RePEc

  • The Dynamics of Technological Knowledge: From Linearity to Recombination
Date: 2010-07
By: Jackie Krafft
Francesco Quatraro
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:icr:wpicer:17-2010&r=knm
The paper proposes an original survey on the evolution of the concept of technological knowledge and of its produc tion, as well as of its operational translations in the empirical literature. We move from the former notion of knowledge capital stock, implying a linear approach to the process of knowledge generation, and then we go through the knowledge production func tion and the recombinant knowledge approach, which are related respectively to a systemic and to an exogenous complexity view on knowledge creation. It is argued that the most recent empirical and theoretical approaches to technological knowledge are well suited to elaborate a framework in which knowledge is the outcome of endogenous complex dynamics, involving qualified interaction among innovating agents that are likely to shape the architecture of knowledge structure as well as to be influenced by it. We show some of the empirical methodologies fitting i nto this landscape and propose some prolific avenues of research
  • Pecuniary Knowledge Externalities and Innovation: Intersectoral Linkages and their Effects beyond Technological Spillovers
Date: 2010-06-19
By: Agnieszka Gehringer
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:got:cegedp:100&r=knm
The aim of the paper is to discuss and to provide evidence for the existence of pecuniary knowledge externalities, considered here as the main cause of positive disequilibrium experience by downstream producers. This last effect, confirmed by the empirical analysis here performed, contrasts the postulates of the model of growth through creative destruction due to Aghion & Howitt (1992), where downstream producers remain very much passive in front of new technological knowledge externally generated.
Keywords: pecuniary knowledge externalities, endogenous growth, creative destruction, Input-Output
  • Pecuniary Knowledge Externalities across European Countries – are there leading Sectors?
Date: 2010-06-20
By: Agnieszka Gehringer
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:got:cegedp:101&r=knm
This paper investigates empirically the occurrence of pecuniary knowledge externalities at the sectoral level across European economies. The main results suggest that, although some sectors can be considered as playing a particularly important role as a source of pecuniary knowledge externalities in the majority of examined countries, there exist significant national differences in the occurrence of these effects. Moreover, such external effects influence the dynamics of total factor productivity in downstream sectors and appear as a relevant source of growth in modern economies. As such, the concept of pecuniary knowledge externalities, as opposed to pure knowledge externalities postulated in the new growth theory, provides a new clue to understanding of the growth process.
Keywords: pecuniary knowledge externalities, pure knowledge externalities, knowledge production function, intermediate goods transactions
  • Managing exploratory innovation
Date: 2010-05-19
By: Florence Charue-Duboc (CRG – Centre de recherche en gestion – CNRS : UMR7655 – Polytechnique – X)
Gilles Garel (Euristik – Equipe de Recherche en management stratégique – Centre de recherche Magellan de l’IAE – Université Jean Moulin – Lyon III)
Franck Aggeri (CGS – Centre de Gestion Scientifique – Mines ParisTech)
Valérie Chanal (PACTE – Politiques publiques, ACtion politique, TErritoires – CNRS : UMR5194 – Université Pierre Mendès-France – Grenoble II – Institut d’Études Politiques de Grenoble – Université Joseph Fourier – Grenoble I)
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00496341_v1&r=knm
Although the concept of exploration has been widely used in management research since James March’s seminal article, the literature on exploration remains rather fuzzy. The question of exploration is dominated by the literature on ambidexterity but this research actually says little about concretely managing exploratory innovation itself, although this appears to be a central concern of most industrial firms today. Based on a material (twenty presentations made in a research seminar the authors have organized in the last two years) and a critical review of the literature, this paper provides new theoretical and managerial insights on the management of exploratory innovation. We first identify three complementary perspectives: 1. Managing knowledge for exploration, 2. Organizing for exploration, and 3. Creating new value spaces. Secondly, we recommend focusing the management of exploratory innovation on the following two p rocesses: identifying an exploratory field, creating new opportunities via experimentation.
Keywords: Exploration, management of innovation, knowledge, value spaces
  • Pecuniary Knowledge Externalities in a New Taxonomy: Knowledge Interactions in a Vertically Integrated System
Date: 2010-06-22
By: Agnieszka Gehringer
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:got:cegedp:102&r=knm
The paper presents a new sectoral taxonomy that focuses on the existence of non negligible external effects, deriving from user-producer knowledge interactions, the latter in turn coupled with intermediate goods transactions, in a system of vertically integrated manufacturing and services sectors. These externalities, the so called pecuniary knowledge externalities, are the main source of changing technological conditions experienced by downstream producers. A distinguishing feature of the taxonomy consists, thus, in being derived from a particularly dynamic contexts of changing production functions. The taxonomy is obtained from an empirical exercise, examining effects generated by idiosyncratic knowledge in a system of input-output intermediate transactions between sectors in the European economy. The results permit to classify sectors in five groups, confirming the previous evidence of relevant differences in technolog ical characteristics among sectors.
Keywords: Pecuniary knowledge externalities, Sectoral patterns, Vertical linkages

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